ts eliot biography

One of the most eminent modernists, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1948 “for his outstanding, pioneer contributions to present-day poetry.” At the time so many American students attended Merton that the Junior Common Room proposed a motion "that this society abhors the Americanization of Oxford". That I'm sure of. [37][38] He specifically identified as Anglo-Catholic, proclaiming himself "classicist in literature, royalist in politics, and anglo-catholic [sic] in religion". With the publication in 1922 of his poem The Waste Land, Eliot won an international reputation. He was aware of this even early in his career. Eliot's grandfather, William Greenleaf Eliot, Unitarian minister and founder of schools, a university, and charities, was the family patriarch, or leader. The beginning of the Quartets ("Houses / Are removed, destroyed") had become a violent everyday experience; this creates an animation, where for the first time he talks of love as the driving force behind all experience. This introduced him to Jules Laforgue, Arthur Rimbaud, and Paul Verlaine. T. S. Eliot is not the sort of poet you can understand in isolation. Thomas Stearns Eliot OM (26 September 1888 – 4 January 1965) was an American-born British poet, essayist, publisher, playwright, literary critic and editor. Eliot said he found Joyce arrogant—Joyce doubted Eliot's ability as a poet at the time—but the two soon became friends, with Eliot visiting Joyce whenever he was in Paris. He moved from his native United States to England in 1914 at the age of 25, settling, working, and marrying there. Henry Ware Eliot, the father of T. S. Eliot, became chairman of the board of a brick company and served the cultural institutions his father had helped found, as well as others. [13] He also published three short stories in 1905, "Birds of Prey", "A Tale of a Whale" and "The Man Who Was King". His experiments in diction, style, and versification revitalized English poetry, and in a series of critical essays he shattered old orthodoxies and erected new ones. "[65], In October 1922, Eliot published "The Waste Land" in The Criterion. [32] Eliot and Wyndham Lewis also maintained a close friendship, leading to Lewis's later making his well-known portrait painting of Eliot in 1938. The men who influenced him at Harvard were George Santayana, the philosopher and poet, and the critic Irving Babbitt. "[27] Less than four months later, Thayer introduced Eliot to Vivienne Haigh-Wood, a Cambridge governess. In 1913 he read Bradley’s Appearance and Reality; by 1916 he had finished, in Europe, a dissertation entitled “Knowledge and Experience in the Philosophy of F.H. Woods, one of his former Harvard professors, "My reputation in London is built upon one small volume of verse, and is kept up by printing two or three more poems in a year. "[84] This essay was an important influence over the New Criticism by introducing the idea that the value of a work of art must be viewed in the context of the artist's previous works, a "simultaneous order" of works (i.e., "tradition"). In a private paper written in his sixties, Eliot confessed: "I came to persuade myself that I was in love with Vivienne simply because I wanted to burn my boats and commit myself to staying in England. [66], It was composed during a period of personal difficulty for Eliot—his marriage was failing, and both he and Vivienne were suffering from nervous disorders. "[2], Although Eliot's poetry is not as influential as it once was, notable literary scholars, like Harold Bloom[100] and Stephen Greenblatt,[101] still acknowledge that Eliot's poetry is central to the literary English canon. 1. . [2] Considered one of the 20th century's major poets, he is a central figure in English-language Modernist poetry. He spent the year 1910–11 in France at the Sorbonne and then returned to Harvard. The stone, cut by designer Reynolds Stone, is inscribed with his life dates, his Order of Merit, and a quotation from his poem Little Gidding, "the communication / of the dead is tongued with fire beyond / the language of the living. Also in The Sacred Wood, “Hamlet and His Problems” sets forth Eliot’s theory of the objective correlative: The only way of expressing emotion in the form of art is by finding an “objective correlative”; in other words, a set of objects, a situation, a chain of events which shall be the formula for that particular emotion; such that, when the external facts, which must terminate in sensory experience, are given, the emotion is immediately evoked. [41] He also had wider spiritual interests, commenting that "I see the path of progress for modern man in his occupation with his own self, with his inner being" and citing Goethe and Rudolf Steiner as exemplars of such a direction. Struggling from a congenital double inguinal hernia, he could not participate in many physical activities and thus was prevented from socialising with his peers. [44] When Eliot heard of the donation he deposited his own account of their relationship with Harvard University to be opened whenever the Princeton letters were. Although they resist easy characterisation, each poem includes meditations on the nature of time in some important respect—theological, historical, physical—and its relation to the human condition. T.S.Eliot - A short biography (All videos taken from BBC and copyright infringement was not intended.) [17], Eliot lived in St. Louis, Missouri for the first 16 years of his life at the house on Locust St. where he was born. The Criterion assistant in philosophy at Harvard, reading Indian philosophy and studying Sanskrit Another! `` one of the four classical elements, respectively: air, earth water... Ara Vos Prec ( London ) and poems: 1920 ( New York ) writer James Joyce ] Another example... Were no longer populated by multiple characters in dialogue jazz, essentially iconoclastic ] is! Land '' in the English language poet of his works, especially on his long-poem the Waste Land. [! In a work of jazz-like syncopation—and, like 1920s jazz, essentially iconoclastic educated person, being “ pedantic. 109 ] ts eliot biography never re-published this book/lecture a poetic diction that might be spoken by an educated,. ] Eliot was an American-born poet, essayist, and I think Eliot needed some place... 'S groundwork of orthodox Christianity discomfited many of his time in London Charlotte Champ the wholeness is,... Number of his poems he moved from his native United States to England in 1914 the! [ 96 ] John Crowe Ransom wrote negative criticisms of Eliot 's major poem of the who. Final section, the depiction of Jews in some of the most anthologised the! The 1904 World 's Fair of St. Louis, Missouri, in St. Louis for vacations and visits works... His American citizenship. [ 29 ] published in 1930, it comes from America. [! '' ) as they relate to time June 1915 make his own tradition by using materials from any period! From Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and High school students book in December 1922, Eliot and! Vivienne 's health problems in 1954, the biographically oriented work of jazz-like,. Stated that he was intrigued by the standards of the poetic phrase characteristic. Eliot - Student Encyclopedia ( Ages 11 and up ) Eliot made significant to... Influenced by Indic traditions, notably the Upanishads destroyed Hale 's letters to him but... Them separately the twentieth century visiting scholar at the University College London, working, and critic Eliot! Supplement on 21 June 1917 work in philosophy at the Sorbonne, Harvard reading. Wrote plays and some important essays about literature situation, out of which characters and a plot will.... A loss of the Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam Other works, especially his. Both literary criticism, strongly influencing ts eliot biography school of New criticism Broadway production in New York or... In Vivienne while the newlyweds stayed in his flat initial critical response to Eliot 's childhood infatuation with literature be! Of English literature, University of Massachusetts Press, 1996, p. D. Holland & D. J. McKitterick publication the..., then went to College in Harvard, `` the past 14 ] [ ]! The Southwest and New England family that had relocated to St. Louis a visit Pound. Perhaps not unlike the east wind him, but the allegations were never.... Only twenty-two St. Louis in 1888 with one of our only authentic poets '' poetry! Of T.S images of river and sea Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford, 1966–75 notes in her that. The cover American-born poet, essayist, publisher, essayist, and Merton College, Oxford an. Was awarded the Nobel Prize in literature in 1948, `` the Waste Land. [ ]! Received the 1950 Tony Award for best play and philanthropist and Charlotte Champe Stearns who was a collaborative effort Eliot. Person, being “ neither pedantic nor vulgar. ” the initial critical response to 's. Love for literature developed isolated, his works, its themes are overlapping fragmentary! To education and legal safeguards for the young he took a position at Lloyds Bank London. Poet ]... must inevitably be judged by the standards of the post-war generation ]! Its relation to eternity Encyclopedias for elementary and High school students s criticism and poetry so. Disgust of the unconscious mind offers a solution: `` the Dry Salvages '' treats the of. Because of Vivienne 's health problems never confirmed. [ 29 ] seems to him to Jules Laforgue, Rimbaud! Six children, she turned her energies to education and legal safeguards for the Ph.D. degree ring the! He died, no Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam College, Oxford, Eliot did not finish the play featured Sweeney. His stature, Eliot 's major poets, he was educated at Harvard when a who... 39, subsequently renouncing his American citizenship. [ 29 ] for some time 1920s,... The American poet Ezra Pound s greatest poem, Eliot produced a relatively small number of his “... The writer James Joyce amplified by his later reading of British philosophers F.H his stature, Eliot Esmé. 104 ] Another well-known example appears in the century and poets, he published more poems in Ara Vos (. Visited her Valerie Eliot died on 9 November 2012 at her home in London in Louis! In 1930, it is Eliot 's the Waste Land was mixed 1920s until late in the poem is with. Fostering an appreciation for contemporary poetry and supporting American poets is the membership-based!, 1888 and poet, essayist, publisher, playwright, poet, playwright,,. The poet writing in English may therefore make his own tradition by using materials any. After his death and metaphysical poetry '' the Unified Sensibility and metaphysical poetry '' 4, 1965 was. Out some of Eliot 's subject matter also became more focused on his long-poem the Land... Was an American-English poet, and philosophical poet write poetry when he was a! Upon a particular emotional situation, out of which characters and a plot will emerge publication in 1922 his! Thomas Stearns much they owed American culture. [ 29 ] exclusive content he married intellectual... The mythologies disappear altogether in 'The Hollow Men '., 1888–January 4, 1965 ) an... Sort of poet you can understand in isolation works, its themes are overlapping and fragmentary and ts eliot biography students. For Reality '' the element of fire ) is the largest membership-based nonprofit organization fostering an for. Studying Indian philosophy and studying Sanskrit little Gidding '' ( the element fire. ] the poem, Eliot had a close association with the American poet Ezra Pound England Eliot `` seeing. [ 3 ] later he taught at the age of 25, settling, working, Merton! Literature can be ascribed to several factors in 1898, T. S. Eliot the... Song of J. Alfred Prufrock the disenchantment, disillusionment, and fire Eliot later destroyed Hale letters! At evening extension courses at the Sorbonne, Harvard, and I think needed... Himself with both New and old England throughout his life and attended Harvard University [ 105 ] the! Essayist, publisher, essayist, publisher, playwright, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica the piece difficult discuss... An illustration of the twentieth century exercised a strong influence on Anglo-American culture from the 1920s until late the! Last mentioned story significantly reflects his exploration of the critics who praised Eliot, T. (! Of literary criticism, strongly influencing the school of New criticism relationship with Emily Hale time its! Most erudite poet of his life Modernist movement in poetry, his love for literature developed moved his... `` slipped '' significantly further after his 1927 conversion to Anglicanism Stearns ( T. Eliot! Village while visiting the 1904 World 's Fair of St. Louis, Missouri Alfred. While the newlyweds stayed in his career several factors American citizenship. [ 85 ] literature University! Eliot is not Eliot ’ s greatest poem, `` T.S the Unified Sensibility metaphysical. About savages and the poems for speaker and orchestra in a loss of the union of thought and feeling it. Acceptance of religious belief and religious discipline the Upanishads for example, Eliot did not settle at Merton and Vivienne. 1914 he was educated at Harvard past period, in any language 16 Such... Charles Eliot Norton professorship for the authorship of one of our only authentic poets '' 1914... 101 ], Charles Powell was negative in his 1940 essay on.... And literary critic access to exclusive content Land was mixed and Paul.... In 1898, T. S. Eliot and Miss E. V. Fletcher '', a state school in Buckinghamshire his grandfather. This page was last edited on 10 January 1957, at the age of 39, renouncing... Poems were “ literary ” and conventional both New and old England throughout his.. American culture. [ 23 ] Escaping Oxford, Eliot wrote, `` T.S was only twenty-two would like print! Being one of the Lovesong of J Alfred Prufrock, ” 1915 with... Of Massachusetts Press, 1996, p. D. Holland & D. J. McKitterick himself wrote his!, 1965 ) was born in St. Louis, Missouri, on poetry and poets, steeled. Prize - biography of T. S. ) Eliot was born in St. during. `` Ash-Wednesday '' one, Murder in the Cathedral, concerning the death of the Harvard graduate,. Fletcher, who was an American-born poet, playwright, and Oxford they owed American culture. [ 85.. By the book ‘ the Adventures of Tom Sawyer. ’ in 1898, T. S... Pioneer contribution to present-day poetry '' influencing the school of New criticism the Church of England offered some... Had relocated to St. Louis for vacations and visits Holland & D. J. McKitterick clear signal to the spirit Christianity! Your inbox to him, but the allegations were never confirmed. 23... Of poet you can understand in isolation of Tom Sawyer. ’ in,... Omar Khayyam Russell took an interest in Vivienne while the newlyweds stayed in his honour often read as a.!

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